Amblyopia and Treatment


  • Gözde Koçak
  • Yaşar Duranoğlu

Received Date: 19.06.2013 Accepted Date: 23.12.2013 Turk J Ophthalmol 2014;44(3):228-236

The most common cause of unilateral visual impairment in children is amblyopia. Anisometropia is the major cause in school-age and strabismus is in pre-school period. Amblyopia occurs from visual deprivation in the critical period or abnormal binocular interaction. If visual acuity in one eye is less than the other and if there are differences in refractive error, strabismus or strabismus history, diagnosis of amblyopia should be considered. Refractive correction, patching, and penalization are overriding treatment modalities.

Keywords: Amblyopia, prevalence, medical therapy, surgical therapy

Full Text (Turkish)