Original Article

Subconjunctival Haemorrhage: Its Frequency and Clinical Features


  • Özgür Bülent Timuçin
  • Orhan Yılmaz
  • Mehmet Fatih Karadağ
  • Müntecep Asker
  • Selvi Asker
  • Mehmet Emin Aslancı

Received Date: 20.05.2010 Accepted Date: 06.12.2010 Turk J Ophthalmol 2011;41(2):90-93


To determine the frequency of subconjunctival haemorrhage and the associated conditions in patients in the Tatvan-Bitlis region.

Material and Method:

A descriptive cross-sectional study including all 30 patients with traumatic and spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage examined in the ophthalmology clinics at Tatvan State Hospital between November 2008 and December 2009.


There were 30 (0.5%) patients with subconjunctival haemorrhage (30 eyes) among 6000 examined patients. Eighteen (60%) patients were women and 12 (40%) were men, with a mean age of 31.2±16.0 (2-75) years. Among the 30 patients, 14 (46.6%) had traumatic and 16 (53.4%) had spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage. The mean age was 35.5±12.4 and 26.4±17.9 years for patients with spontaneous and traumatic subconjunctival haemorrhage, respectively (p=0.04). The period of time between the beginning of subconjunctival haemorrhage and initial admittance to the hospital was shorter in cases with spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage (≤3 days, p=0.005). There were no statistically significant differences between the patients with spontaneous and traumatic subconjunctival haemorrhage with respect to gender (p=0.7) and eye involvement (p=0.6). The condition was unilateral in all patients. In spontaneous subconjunctival haemorrhage, no apparent associated condition was found in 31.2%. Hypertension (31.2%) was the most frequent associated condition; others included vomiting (18.7%), coughing (12.5%) and delivery (6.2%). In traumatic subconjunctival haemorrhage, 71.4% of injuries occurred at home.


In the Tatvan-Bitlis region, subconjunctival haemorrhage was seen in 0.5% of patients that presented to the hospital. The major risk factor for subconjunctival haemorrhage was trauma in young patients and hypertension - in older ones. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2011; 41: 90-3)

Keywords: Eye injuries, hypertension, subconjunctival haemorrhage, traumar

Full Text (Turkish)